QUIET EYE: improves athletic performance.
The purpose of the sensory systems is to capture both internal and external information. The processing of such information allows assessment of what you are living at the time and organization of future actions, if necessary. Many studies in athletes research what they see during their performances. The results indicate that there are differences in the way of looking between elite athletes and amateurs. These differences lie in both the sites they look at, as well as when they look and for how long. Elite athletes have optimized visual search strategies through which they acquire a higher quality of information.
Each sport has specific visual patterns allowing athletes to anticipate, plan and prepare the following movements. Even within a single sport, visual fixations will differ depending on the situation. The visual system consists of a series of receivers that are able to collect light. Within the retina, there is a small area (fovea), which has the highest visual acuity and through which the fixing takes place at one point. Therefore, what is seen at any given time depends on the position taken by the eyes and head in space.
Cognitive psychologists have identified at least three eye behaviors: fixations, tracking and saccades (Coren et al, 2004). A fixation occurs when the eye is maintained on an object or fixed localization during a time of 100ms or more, within a visual angle of 3 °, with 100ms minimum time required to recognize an object (Carpenter, 1988). When the gaze is stabilized on a moving object it is called tracking, while rapid eye movements that change abruptly from an attachment point to other are called saccades. The optimal use of these three eye movements provide the athletes improvements in their performance (Vine, 2011). It is not surprising that the provision of timely information by the visual system determines that the motor system is more precise in its execution (Vickers, 2009).
Vickers defined QUIET EYE (QE) as a period in which the relevant environmental signals are processed and motor plans are coordinated to successfully complete the next task. So a longer QUIET EYE gives athletes a longer programming and minimizes distractions. During QUIET EYE a fixation is maintained, therefore maintaining a constant ratio between head and eyes.
FROM THEORY TO PRACTICE …
· The position of the head and eyes is important in order to get quality information and thereby improve athletic performance.
· Identifying where you most fixe your sight when you play.
· Watching the ball continuously, besides being an impossible activity to perform, does not provide improvements in the game.
· We invite you to join our next workshop QUIET EYE, we have developed exercises to identify and modify visual patterns.