Emotion & Reason

Emotions act as a motivational system that is able to influence perceptions, memories, learning, judgment, decision making, communication, behavior, creativity and personality. All mental processes are susceptible to emotional influences. Our reasoning analyzes and simulates all the possible alternatives in situations of every day life, where decisions about the most appropriate or beneficial response are required for the resolution of a situation. Emotions influence the way we reason and resolve these situations (Morgado, I.).

Emotions modulate our reasoning in at least two ways, firstly they focus our attention and our memories on stimuli and situations that are relevant, and on the other hand they allow us to catalog the hypothetical consequences of our behavior in an early and forceful way (Morgado, I .; Emotion and reason in the brain).

Emotion and reason are both the result of two different brains (emotional and rational) that appeared in different evolutionary periods. Currently they live and interact resulting in a certain behavior. Faced with any situation, emotions are the first to appear and subsequently reasoning appears, which is related to the processing speeds of both brains. Emotions with higher speed take control firstly; they act cataloging this situation as dangerous or not for survival. Then the information will reach the rational brain where it can be evaluated consciously but influenced by the emotion present. The brain is a highly complex organ whose primary function is survival. We often take conscious inadequate decisions due to the current emotion (it points to the situation as dangerous). This knowledge has great importance for athletes and their decision making during competitive situations.